A vast variety of conditions may affect the vitreous & retina which lie on the back part of the eye which are not readily visible. Like diabetic retinopathy, macular holes, macular degeneration, retinal tears or detachments, eye cancer, retinopathy of prematurity, retinoblastoma, uveitis, flashes & floaters & retinitis pigmentosa.
Retina is the light sensitive film in the back part of the eye. The image was perceived here & transmitted to the brain with the help of optic nerve. The vitreous is a clear gel which fills the back part of the eye.
Diseases to the retina may affect any age group. Premature infants may also affected by a disease called - ROP (Retinopathy of pre-maturity). Heredity & age related degenerations may affect the retina - particularly the central most sensitive part of the retina is called 'macula'. The retina may detach from the back portion of the eye - this condition is called 'Retinal Detachment'. The Vitreous gel may become opaque because of blood - this condition is called 'Vitreous hemorrhage'. This condition may occur in diabetics following injury & in other conditions also.
Retinal & vitreous surgery address problems like Retinal Detachment & Intraocular Infection. Retinal & vitreous problems will cause severe loss of the vision or even blindness. In certain cases, surgery will be beneficial; if it was done at the right time.This prevents severe loss of vision. Most of the serious retinal problems which require surgery were caused by problems with the vitreous.
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