Major Eye Diseases

All eye problems must be given a proper attention & consult with eye care professional right away if you are having a sudden change in the vision, if everything visible dim, or observes flashes of the light. Other symptoms which need instant attention are pain, double vision, fluid coming from the eye & inflammation. Timely detection & the treatment will prevent the vision loss. The following the list of common eye disorders/diseases & their possible causes.

Acute Red Eye

Many of us may develop acute red eye in our lifetime, the exact etiologic cause is very difficult to determine. Even though the most likely diagnosis of the red eye was acute conjunctivitis, the underlying cause may be elusive. A careful observation of the history & examination of the face, lids, conjunctiva & cornea may provide a presumptive diagnosis guiding for the initial treatment.


Cataracts

Cataracts were a normal part of the aging & can be treated. People can regain most or full vision & continue to do things normally. A cataract was a gradual clouding of the clear lens in the eye that will results in a blurry or hazy image, & sensitivity to light. To treat cataract an ophthalmic surgeon will removes the damaged lens & replaces it with a clear and artificial one. Surgery will be short, and patient can go to home on the same day and resume normal activities.


Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a chief cause of blindness. Anyone can develop glaucoma. Most people not know they are suffering with glaucoma. You may at greater risk when:


A family member has glaucoma

You are 50 years age or older

You are of Afro-Canadian heritage.

For this one should go for eye check up regularly. Early detection & treatment may save your sight!

Graves Disease

Graves Disease is an apical enlargement of the eye muscles which will stimulate other fibroblasts. Fluid will drawn into the muscle & stored, ultimately leading to the development of a scar tissue. In addition to this swelling of the muscles may push the eye forward by causing it to protrude.

By this, patient will have trouble in closing their eyes, results in drying, irritation & increased inflammation. Increased effort to bring the eyelids together will result in a frown, or swollen muscles will compress the optic nerve which leads to loss of vision if treatment was not sought early on.

Low Vision

While sophisticated & specialized treatment will improves sight for hundreds of eye problem patients, a small segment of the population are experiencing the impact of the reduced visual function. Low vision may affects people of all age groups. But it was most common in elders.

There are various types of disorders which are affecting the eye & the visual system which cause low vision. These includes: birth defects, injuries, certain diseases of the body & aging. The most common cause of the low vision was macular degeneration. Macular degeneration is a disease of the retina or the inner layer of the eye that senses light and allows you to see.

Reduced central or reading vision is a major type of low vision. Other types of low vision are decreased side vision (peripheral), & loss of color vision. Your eyes may also lose their ability to adjust to the light, contrast or glare.

Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration is a major cause of the vision loss. The macula is a small spot near the back of the eye which will send images to your brain. As it deteriorates with age, symptoms that include:

Blurry central vision

Distorted or wavy lines & loss of detail

Difficulty in distinguishing the colors.

Speak to your eye doctor about possible treatment options or low vision aids.

Optic Neuropathy

Demyelinating Optic Neuropathy is an acute inflammatory process of optic nerve, usually occurs in the young adults. It also manifests as an acute onset of the visual loss, almost always unilateral.

The visual loss usually progresses over many days, and stays stable for 1 to 2 weeks & then progressively improves. The prognosis for the recovery of vision was excellent with or without treatment. Patients experiencing such conditions were encouraged to seek treatment.

Retinal Detachment

The retina is a light-sensitive extension of the brain which lines the inner surface of the eyeball. It detects light & converts the image of the external world into the electrical impulses which were sent from the eye to the brain for the interpretation along the optic nerve.

A retinal detachment can be of two main types:

Exudative Retinal Detachments will occur due to the collection of the fluid in between the retina & the outer coats of the eye. This fluid can have many origins that includes inflammation & tumors. When the retina was detached from the coats of the eye, it may fails to function accurately that may leads to blurred vision in the area of the detachment.

Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachments will occur because of the hole which occurs in the retina that allows fluid from the vitreous cavity to lift the retina from the outer coats of the eye. This will make breaks or holes in the retina due to trauma, high myopia or near-sightedness, or some of the rare familial eye diseases.

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