Neuro-ophthalmology is deals with an oriented subspecialty which merges the fields of both neurology and ophthalmology, usually deals with the complex systemic diseases that have manifestations in the visual system.
Common pathology referred to the Neuro-ophthalmologist with some related disorders that includes afferent visual system disorders like: papilledema, optic neuritis, optic neuropathy, brain tumors or strokes and efferent visual system disorders like: anisocoria, ptosis, nystagmus, diplopia, ophthalmoplegia, blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm.
Neuro-ophthalmology mainly focuses on diseases of nervous system which affect vision, control of eye movements or pupillary reflexes. Neuro-ophthalmologists will be trained to perform eye muscle operations to treat disorders like adult strabismus, optic nerve fenestration for idiopathic intracranial hypertension, and botulinum injections for blepharospasm or hemifacial spasm.
In neuro ophthalmology department neuro-ophthalmologists will take care of the visual problems which are related to the nervous system; that is, visual problems that won’t come from the eyes themselves. We utilize almost half of the brain for the vision-related activities, which includes sight and moving the eyes.
Neuro-ophthalmology, is a subspecialty of both neurology and ophthalmology, requires specialized training and expertise of doctors in solving the problems related to the eye, brain, nerves and muscles.
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